From: Suk-Won Ko
Date: Apr 7, 2017
Subject: FW: [再發信]<萬人必見 52分짜리 Documentary> 흥남철수작전과 Meredith Victory호 선장 Leonard LaRue

<萬人必見 52分짜리 Documentary> 흥남철수작전과 Meredith Victory호 선장 Leonard LaRue
수신자 여러분:
15년1월30일보내드렸던 것을 17년 大選參考資料로서 다시 보내드립니다.
195012월하순, 14000명의 흥남철수작전의 Meredith Victory호 선장 Leonard LaRue는 누구인가?
美國의 Incentive Film社가 作家 Bill Gilbert 記錄小說 ‘Ship of Miracles’에 기해 Incentive Productions이
만든 52분17초짜리 Ship of Miracles-Documentary by RJ McHatton’을 보내드린다. 이 기록영화에는,
흥남철수작전에서 선장을 설득하는데 힘써주신 故현봉학박사도 나오고, 解說者가 Schindler of Korea’라고
극찬하는 말도 나온다. 흥남철수작전은 인류역사상 단일선박으로는 最大人員救出作戰이었다고
작가는 力說한다. 또, 韓美의 生存者들이 증언하는 것도 많이 나오고, 玄仁(1919~2002)의 굳세어라 금순아
노래도 들려준다. 이 기록영화속에는, 당시의 긴박했던 상황을 그때 촬영했던 생생한 기록화면으로 보여준다.
이런 기록영화를 만들게 해준 Bill Gilbert작가, 그리고 제작자인 RJ McHatton씨에게 깊이 감사드린다.
2015-01-30, 오전 00:54 jgchoi 해설추가.
<5217초짜리 기록영화를 보려면, 아래의 URL을 클릭한 후,
가장 위의 화면(52:17)을 클릭하면 52분동안 기록영화를 볼
수 있다>
The true story of some Americans who saved 14,000 civilian refugees on one ship during Christmas 1950 in the Korean War.;_ylt=A0SO80k0UcpU9vIAOaVXNyoA;_

<Ship of Miracles의 참고자료>
[Wikipedia] Leonard LaRue는 누구인가?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Captain Leonard LaRue (January 14, 1914 – October 14, 2001), later known as "Brother Marinus",
was the skipper of the SS Meredith Victory, a United States Merchant Marine cargo freighter that was
involved in the largest humanitarian rescue operation by a single ship in human history. Under LaRue's leadership,
the ship evacuated over 14,000 refugees to safety during the Korean War.
[New York Times] Leonard LaRue, Rescuer in the Korean War, Dies at 87
Published: October 20, 2001
Brother Marinus Leonard LaRue, who as a merchant marine captain in the Korean War evacuated 14,000 refugees from a besieged North Korean port, died on Sunday at St. Paul's Abbey in Newton, N.J. Brother Marinus, who became a Benedictine monk after two decades at sea, was 87.
Three days before Christmas 1950, Captain LaRue came upon what he likened to ''a scene of Dante's Inferno'' at the port.
On Christmas Day, he delivered all 14,000 refugees to safety on a South Korean island some 500 miles away aboard a freighter designed to hold only 60 people. The United States Maritime Administration called his feat ''the greatest rescue by a single ship in the annals of the sea.''
Captain LaRue was the skipper of the 455-foot Meredith Victory, a Moore-McCormack Lines freighter that had been carrying supplies to American servicemen in Korea on behalf of the Navy.
In December 1950, the Meredith Victory was summoned to the North Korean port Hungnam, which was jammed with 105,000 American and South Korean marines and soldiers and more than 90,000 North Korean civilians retreating from a Chinese Communist onslaught at the Chosin Reservoir. About 200 American vessels had converged on Hungnam for evacuation while American ships and planes bombarded the perimeter to hold off Communist troops.
''I trained my binoculars and saw a pitiable scene,'' Captain LaRue remembered. ''Refugees thronged the docks. With them was everything they could wheel, carry or drag. Beside them, like frightened chicks, were their children.''
On the night of Dec. 22, the Meredith Victory began taking aboard a stream of refugees who feared they would be killed by Communist troops, who regarded them as American sympathizers for having fled their homes. ''There were families with 8 and 10 children,'' Captain LaRue remembered. ''There was a man with a violin, a woman with a sewing machine, a young girl with triplets. There were 17 wounded, some stretcher cases, many who were aged, hundreds of babies. Finally, as the sun rode high the next morning, we had 14,000 human beings jammed aboard. It was impossible, and yet they were there.''
The refugees were crammed into the cargo holds of a freighter that held 47 crewmen and was designed to carry about a dozen passengers.
The Meredith Victory headed for the South Korean port Pusan, 28 hours away, traveling through heavily mined waters that were patrolled by enemy submarines.
The refugees had little food or water and there were no blankets or sanitary facilities. The crewmen gave their coats to the women and children, but the misery was unrelieved. At one point, young men came topside seeking food, and a riot seemed imminent.
After a treacherous voyage though the Sea of Japan, the freighter arrived at Pusan on Christmas Eve,
only to be turned away by South Korean officials, who were trying to cope with refugees already there.
Captain LaRue was told to head for the island of Koje Do, 50 miles to the southwest.
The Meredith Victory arrived at the island on Christmas. But the dock was small and crowded, so the freighter
had to remain on the open sea for a third frigid night. The next day, two LST's -- Navy ships designed
to land tanks onshore during combat -- were lashed to the freighter, and the refugees climbed onto them
and finally made it to safety.
Not one refugee died in the evacuation; the number of Koreans aboard had, in fact, increased by five babies. Captain LaRue, a Philadelphia native and a veteran of World War II merchant marine operations in the Atlantic, remained in command of the Meredith Victory until it was decommissioned in 1952. He received American and South Korean government citations for his rescue work, and the Meredith Victory was designated a Gallant Ship by Congress.
In 1954, he left the sea to join the Benedictines at St. Paul's Abbey, where he lived until his death.
He left no immediate survivors. ''I was always somewhat religious,'' he reflected a decade after carrying out the Korean evacuation.
''All the things in my life helped to cement my determination to enter the monastery.''
But he looked back on the rescue as a turning point in his life.
As he put it: ''I think often of that voyage. I think of how such a small vessel was able to hold so many persons and surmount endless perils without harm to a soul. The clear, unmistakable message comes to me that on that Christmastide, in the bleak and bitter waters off the shores of Korea, God's own hand was at the helm of my ship.''
Photo: Capt. Leonard LaRue in the 1950's. [終]